琉球 拳法 唐手 古武道 連合会



Japanese Competition Terms





  • Aiuchi:
  • "Simultaneous Scoring Technique." No point awarded to either contestant. Referee brings fists together in front of the chest.
  • Aka:
  • "Red." (tournaments).
  • Aka (shiro) no kachi:
  • "Red (White) Wins!" Referee obliquely raises his arm on the side of the winner.
  • Aka (shiro) ippon:
  • "Red (White) Scores Ippon." The Referee obliquely raises his arm on the side of the winner (as in no kachi).
  • Aite:
  • Opponent in a contest.
  • Atenai yoni:
  • "Warning without penalty." Imposed for attended minor infractions or for the first instance of a minor infraction. Referee raises one hand in a fist with the other hand covering it at chest level and shows it to the offender.
  • Atoshi baraku:
  • "A little more time left." An audible signal will be given by the time keeper 30 seconds before the actual end of the bout.
  • Attate iru:
  • "Contact." (tournaments).
  • Chui:
  • "Warning." (tournaments).
  • Encho sen:
  • "Extension." After a draw, the match goes into overtime. Referee reopens match with command "Shobu Hajime."
  • Fujubun:
  • "Not enough power." (tournaments)
  • Fukushin shugo:
  • "Judges conference." (tournaments)
  • Hajime:
  • "Begin". Command given to start a given drill, Kata, or Kumite.
  • Hansoku:
  • "Foul." Imposed following a very serious infraction. The opponent's score is raised to Sanbon. Referee points with his index finger to the face of the offender at a 45 degree angle and announces a victory for the opponent.
  • Hansoku chui:
  • "Warning with an Ippon penalty." Penalty in which Ippon is added to the opponent's score. Hansoku chui is usually imposed for infractions for which a Keikoku has previously been given. Referee points with his index finger to the abdomen of the offender parallel to the floor.
  • Hantei:
  • "Judgment." Referee calls for judgment by blowing his whistle and the Judges render their decision by flag signal.
  • Hantei kachi:
  • "Winner by decision."
  • Hikiwake:
  • "Draw." Referee crosses arms over chest, then uncrosses and holds arms out from the body with the palms showing upwards.
  • Ippon:
  • "One point." (tournaments).
  • Ippon shobu:
  • "One point match." (tournaments).
  • Jikan:
  • "Time." (tournaments).
  • Jogai:
  • "Exit from fighting area." Referee points with his index finger at a 45 degree angle to the area boundary on the side of the offender.
  • Jogai keikoku:
  • "Second exit from fighting area." Waza ari penalty is given to the opponent.
  • Jogai hansoku chui:
  • "Third exit from fighting area". Referee uses two hand signals with announcement. "Aka (Shiro) Jogai Hansoku chui." Causes victory to the opponent. Referee first points with his index finger to the match boundary on the side of the offender, then to the offender's abdomen. Ippon is awarded to the opponent.
  • Kachi:
  • "Victorious." "Aka (or Shiro) Kachi." Winner (tournaments).
  • Keikoku:
  • "Warning with Waza ari penalty in Sanbon shobu." Penalty in which Waza ari is added to the opponent's score. Keikoku is imposed for minor infractions for which a warning has previously been given, or for infractions not serious enough to merit Hansoku chui. Referee points with his index finger to the feet of the offender at an angle of 45 degrees.
  • Kiken:
  • "Renunciation." The Referee points one index finger towards the contestant.
  • Maai ga toh:
  • "Not proper Distance." (tournaments).
  • Mienai:
  • "I could not see." Call by a judge to indicate that a technique was not visible form his angle.
  • Moto no ichi:
  • "Original Position." Contestants, Referee and Judge return to their respective standing lines.
  • Mumobi:
  • "Warning for lack of regard for one's own safety." Referee points one index finger in the air at a 60° angle on the side of the offender.
  • Mumobi keikoku:
  • "Warning with Waza ari penalty." Referee uses two hand signals with the announcement "Aka (Shiro) Mumobi keikoku." He first points with his index finger at a 60° angle on the side of the offender, then to the offender's feet.
  • Nukete iru:
  • "Out of Target." (tournaments).
  • Otagai ni rei:
  • "Bow to each other."
  • Rensei:
  • "Practice Tournament." Competitors are critiqued on their performances.
  • Sanbon shobu:
  • "Three Point match." (tournaments).
  • Shiai:
  • "Match or Contest." (Event).
  • Shikkaku:
  • "Disqualification." Disqualification from the actual tournament, competition, or match. Opponent's score is raised to Sanbon. In order to define the limit of shikkaku, the Referee Council must be consulted. Shikkaku may be invoked when a contestant commits an act which harms the prestige or honor of Karate Do, or is considered to violate the rules of the tournament. Referee uses two hand signals with the announcement "Aka (Shiro) shikkaku." He first points with his index to the offender's face then obliquely above and behind him. Referee then announces (with the appropriate gesture) "Aka (Shiro) no kachi."
  • Shimpan:
  • "Referee." (tournaments).
  • Shiro:
  • "White." (tournaments).
  • Shobu hajime:
  • "Start the Extended Bout."
  • Shobu sanbon hajime:
  • "Start the Bout."
  • Shugo:
  • "Judges Called." Referee beckons with his arms to the Judges.
  • Soremade:
  • "End of Match."
  • Toranai:
  • "No Point." (tournaments).
  • Torimasen:
  • "Unacceptable as scoring techniques." Referee crosses arms over chest, then uncrosses and holds arms out from the body with the palms facing downwards towards body.
  • Tsuzukete:
  • "Fight On!" Resumption of fighting ordered when unauthorized interruption occurs.
  • Tsuzukete hajime:
  • "Resume Fighting - Begin!" Referee standing upon his line, steps back into Zenkutsu dachi and brings the palms of this hands toward each other.
  • Ukete iru:
  • "Blocked." (tournaments).
  • Yowai:
  • "Weak focus." (tournaments).
  • Mawat te:
  • "Turn around." A command given by the referee for participants to turn around.
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